FTP (File Transfer Protocol) was first used in Unix systems a long time ago to copy and move shared files. With the development of the Internet, FTP became widely used to upload and download online data, especially to post websites on ISP servers.Start-up
These tasks can now be performed by a special program called FTP clients.
The program lets you upload and download data and to delete one or more files, including whole directories along with subdirectories. The transfer interface window shows what percentage of files has already been uploaded or downloaded. The program can also automatically resume and complete file transfers, which for some reason, have been interrupted.
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After you download the program two split window panels will appear on your screen. These two main panels can be described as follows:
|To transfer files use the following menu items:
FTP server connection and program setting
When you call up "Connection" the main program menu will appear on your screen:
Read the section Preferences on how to configure the program.
When you call up the menu item "Local Computer" the local menu will appear on your screen. The menu shows you how to perform file operations on your local computer. This section contains the following menu items.
You can also select menu items by clicking the right mouse key. Find the files you need from the list of directories shown in the window "Local Computer", then click on the appropriate menu items.
To select files use the following keys (which should be pressed simultaneously, not separately):
Let's now return to our description of the local menu items.
This command allows you to create a folder in a local computer. After you enter the name the new folder will appear on the right-hand panel of your local computer.Remove Directory
The Remove command helps you to remove folders from local computers. To do this, select the folders you want to delete, then select this option. You will be prompted as to whether or not you're sure you want to delete. If you answer yes, the folders are removed from the server. Deletions can be performed using the "Select" menu item or standard command sequences (shift, ctrl, etc.).Rename File
The rename command allows you to change the name of a file or folder in local computers. It works as follows:
The option "Upload selected files to FTP server" allows you to transfer files to a remote FTP server. To do this, select the files in a local computer you would like to copy. First of all you need to make a connection with an FTP server. Then highlight the folder in the FTP server you would like to upload.View file in text editor
The transfer interface window shows what percentage of files has already been uploaded or downloaded.
The file you select will be viewed in simple text editor.Run program
Select this command on the left hand panel to launch this application (usually used for *.exe files).Font
The last local menu item, " Font," is used to modify the size, color and properties of character types shown in a local computer window. When you choose this option the "Select font" window appear on your screen. There you can substitute one font with another, choose a different color or font properties (bond or underline) and check corrections in the "Sample" Field.Performing operations on remote FTP servers
This section of the program contains the following menu items:
It should be noted that this menu is intended for operations performed in the window "Remote FTP servers", which means that many items in this menu will only be available after connecting to a remote server. File operations performed on the remote server are the same as those in local computers.
Create new FTP server
This item allows you to set up and save connection configurations every time you select a new remote server profile.Server properties
After you select this option "New connection properties" will appear on your screen with empty fields which should then be filled in.
Enter the name of the new server in the "name" field.
For example: microsoft
Enter the address of the FTP server in this field.
For example: ftp.microsoft.com
Give the server's FTP port here.
User information should also be entered in the right hand side of the window.
Enter the user ID in this field to access a given site.
For example: anonymous
A password is required whenever you access a server.
This field does not have to be filled in for most servers. Skip it unless you have relevant data.
This field should be filled in for anonymous connections. In this case you should highlight "Anonymous connection".
Allows you to make notes.
Server response type
Different servers have a different response structure for lists of folders and the files located inside them.
While the program is preconfigured for the vast majority of servers, there may be cases where a remote server is structured differently. You can look at these file structures by selecting "Text format". Then you need to configure the response format in "Custom" mode. The word number is given in the response.
For example, let's assume that a word with number 9 is assigned the value "File name".
Microsoft FTP ver. 4.0 is a special configuration for Microsoft version 4.0 ftp servers.
In "Text format" you can only see the format of files on the server download files from a local computer but you will not have any local menu options for the FTP server.
For virtually all servers we recommend using the "Standard" response type.
10) Hide password
In this case someone next to you computer will not be able to see your password. This is a handy option in Internet cafes or classrooms.
11) Passive mode
Click on this option if you need to run in passive mode to access your server. This is usually necessary when you work through a proxy server. When selecting this option enter a check mark ?, and remove in when you exit passive mode.
In this menu item you should fill in or edit the same fields that were requested when you added on a new server. Using this key, for example, you can view or change your password, or edit other fields described in the previous item.Remote server operations
The program is error-sensitive and automatically corrects mistakes made by users. Other programs tend to use different input and setting formats to access the FTP server. FTP Commander 5.X was designed to be smart and sensible software. It will enter the right address even if you attempt to connect using any one of the following formats.For example, if you make a mistake and enter a blank space in the address, the program will automatically remove it from the address, as well as any other inadmissible symbols, and will correct the address while the connection is in progress.
ftp.hostname.com ftp://ftp.hostname.com email@example.com/folder ftp://firstname.lastname@example.org:port/folder ftp://email@example.com:port/folder ftp://firstname.lastname@example.org ftp://email@example.com:port http://ftp.hostname.com
This option allows you to create new folders in FTP servers.Custom commands
All program operations basically involve performing various commands on a remote server. The same commands can be given manually on the FTP server. These commands can be saved on a list of custom commands. Such a list will come in handy if your server supports custom commands not available in the program.Delete
After selecting this menu "Commands" and "Do it (Execute)" will appear in the lower part of the Remote FTP Servers" window. By pressing the "Commands" key, the "Custom Commands" will appear in the upper left part of the window. A few basic commands are already in place. You can then add or delete as many custom commands as you like.
To add and save on commands you should first click on the "Select" button with the mouse. The command you have selected will then be displayed in the field next to the "Do it (Execute)" button. Click it to execute the operation you have selected.
After you have finished the custom command task, select the same "Custom command" menu item to remove "Commands" and "Execute" from the window panel.
This item helps you delete any unnecessary files, folders or servers. To execute this operation go into "Remote FTP Servers" and select the files, folders or servers you wish to eliminate, then press "Delete" in the local menu of the FTP server.Rename
The Rename function allows you to rename any file or folder on an FTP server.Download selected files to a local server
This option makes it possible for you to download the files you have selected from the remote FTP server to your own PC. Once you have established a connection with the server you can download as many directories, including subdirectories, as you wish.Font
Here you can rearrange the size, color and properties of font in the FTP server.Preferences
Preferences allows you to assign the general settings that are to be used in running the program.
Proxy, Sockets and Firewall configurations
If you have to work on large corporate networks these configurations may be required. To set them up fill in the fields to the left of the type you have selected: then enter the description of the server ("Server"), the port you will be using ("Port") and the "Password" you will be using. To enter the password in hidden format, click "Masked Password".Program configurations and interface
By selecting "Direct" you will get a direct connection and no other fields will have to be filled in, as default values are applied.
Program configurations appear of the "Interface" page. This item allows you to configure the "Initial directory" when you download the program, and chose the "Font" you want to use in the program.
Default confirmation: this is useful when you're interacting with a server on which you upload or download information.
For example, if you check the box "Overwrite confirmation - Download", every time you perform a download operation you will be queried about whether you wish to proceed or not.
"Overwrite confirmation - Upload" also asks you to confirm uploads from your server to the server. If you don't want to give confirmation every time, then all you have to do is make a default confirmation setting. The program will execute by default any command selected in the fields "Skip", "Overwrite" or "Resume".
After you have entered all the appropriate properties and filled in all the requisite fields, you can either save these configurations by pressing the "Save" button or discard them by pressing "Cancel".
Copyright, InternetSoft Corp., 2002